1900-1930

The 1900s included WWI which led into the Great Depression (1929 Crash). , World War I broke out in Europe on August 1, 1914. The conflict dragged on until a truce was declared on November 11, 1918, leading to the controversial, one-sided Treaty of Versailles, which was signed on June 28, 1919. The 1920s were called the Roaring 20s or the Jazz period that included an economic boom after WWI.

GLOSSBRENNER
The turn of the century was an affluent time. Missionfield Coal works were going strong, as were the timber contractors. Everybody was working.
    In January of 1900 the United Brethren held a revival at Glossbrenner two and one half miles south of the Village of Oakwood. A church would soon be built there. Glossbrenner was south of Oakwood and across the river in Catlin Township just east of the first curve where Steve Meade farms now.

PROMINENT CITIZENS OF 1901

The April 11, 1901 issue of the Danville News stated that Oakwood now had 500 people and listed a few of the prominent citizens;

F.A. Afirhouser, superintendent of schools and Miss Ethel yanceawnidEhvais f-wiairlel,hscahsoboiletenarcuhnenrsin.
    W.S. Seal who was born at Clinton, Willington County, Ohio and with the hotel in Oakwood since 1892. They presently charge one dollar a day.
    George C. Rice who runs a General Store on North Main Street. This was on the site of thelarge brick building on the northeast corner of Scott and North Main.
    S.C. Hillery, age 57, was interviewed while packing his “car” to move to Garden City, MO. The reporter did not explain what he meant by “car”.
    Frank Peters was born in Rush Co., Ohio in 1836. He came to Champaign Co., Illinois with his parents. He came to Oakwood in 1894 and began dealing in coal, teaming and light farming.
    John H. Young came to Oakwood in 1880, opening a General Store and Drugstore. He is presently the druggist while his son, C.C. Young, runs the General Store.
    Reuben Rush was born in Rush Co., Ohio in 1830. A Civil War Veteran from the Ohio Inf. Co. G., he retired from the farm to live in Oakwood.
    C.F. Stiner, a young man who had just erected a new barn in the fall of 1900 on Main Street with a 30 horse capacity. He conducts a livery, feed and sale barn.
    J.N. Redman is a grocer and the village undertaker.
    E.M. Snyder runs a restaurant and confectionary and sells cigars, tobaccos and soft drinks and does light job printing. He also directs the Oakwood Orchestra of eight pieces.
    Mrs. Emily Howard was born near State Line City, Indiana. She lived all her life in Vermilion Co., Illinois. She lived on the farm until 1894 when she moved into Oakwood.
    H.C. Wright was born in 1856 in Vermilion County, Illinois 4 miles southeast of Oakwood. He left the farm in 1893 and moved to Oakwood to work in the mines. He supported his mother after his father died in 1873.

Other citizens named in later issues in 1901;

Mr. Minor finally completed his elevator. 

Joseph Truax sold all his real estate and will move to Oklahoma.

Charley Peterson, the best blacksmith in town, is building a new and larger shop.

Wymond Rouse, born in 1878, is engaged as a chambermaid at Mr. Peters Livery Barn.

(Chambermaid was a nickname for a stable hand). Wymond lived to the age of 90 and is buried in the Oakwood cemetery.

Octogenarians were John Desher 86, Rev. H.H. Gunn 85, Mrs. Mary A. Craigmyle 85, J.A.Saylor over 80, J.C. Jones 80, Mrs. Nancy Wright over 80, Mrs. Sarah Hillary 87, Alpheus B. Davis, Henry Musson over 80.

The summer of 1901 was very hot, so much that the Christian Church allowed men to attend
without coat or vest. It had become a tradition in June that the Women’s group of one of the
churches have a strawberry and ice cream social. It was the Christian Church’s turn in 1901.

DISASTERS

On APril 10, 1901, at 2:30 in the afternoon the big four depot in Fithian caught fire. It was susPected that sparks from a  Passing locomotive started the fire. When the eastbound Passenger train arrived at 3:00 the fire was still going, the tracks were covered with embers and the air was full I smoke and flying bits of fire. The engineer seeing this, ran right on through it and headed on for Muncie and Oakwood.

The third Saturday night in June, 1901 a tornado hit and destroyed the CASS School House on the Old State Road one mile south of Muncie. The school house and coal shed were strewn all over the State Road_ The tornado caused a hail storm in Oakwood damaging the cherry trees. This was a blow to the local residents as the trees were unusually heavy with fruit

DISASTERS

On APril 10, 1901, at 2:30 in the afternoon the big four depot in Fithian caught fire. It was susPected that sparks from a  Passing locomotive started the fire. When the eastbound Passenger train arrived at 3:00 the fire was still going, the tracks were covered with embers and the air was full I smoke and flying bits of fire. The engineer seeing this, ran right on through it and headed on for Muncie and Oakwood.

The third Saturday night in June, 1901 a tornado hit and destroyed the CASS School House on the Old State Road one mile south of Muncie. The school house and coal shed were strewn all over the State Road_ The tornado caused a hail storm in Oakwood damaging the cherry trees. This was a blow to the local residents as the trees were unusually heavy with fruit

TELEPHONES

In June of 1901 the Danville Telephone Company began placing an exchange in Oakwood at

E.M. Snyder ‘s Restaurant. E.M. Snyder was to be the ‘hello girl” and C.C. Young would be the local manager and collector. Previous to this there had been a toll station in C.C. Young’s Store and it would stay there.

RURAL FREE DELIVERY

Two Rural Free Delivery Routes were established August 1, 1902, with James Harrison and Robert Pinegar as the carriers. A third route was added October 1, 1905 with Delbert Meade as Carrier. At a later date part of the routes were given to Fithian and Delbert Meade was the only Oakwood rural mail carrier. He carried the mail for years.

Years later in the 1970s Rural Route 2 was still the address for many houses and box numbers were added at that time. Finally 911 addresses changed all the addresses outside the Village to be based on North, South, East and West Roads. Addresses included a house location and road number such as 123 N 800 East Road.


INTERURBAN
The interurban came through Oakwood about July of 1903. The Traction Baron was William B. McKinley, II was building the Interurban from Champaign and had already built it through St. Joseph, Ogden, Fithian, and Muncie. Mr. McKinley had another crew corning west from Danville. The two met at the Possum Trot Section, with the hold up being the bridge over the Middlefork This was completed toward the end of August. The first Interurban car came through oakwood from Danville about the first of September, however it could only go as far as Fithian. Here passengers had to disembark and board another car to go on west or visa-versa if they were coming from Champaign. The reason for the transfer was that work cars were on the track, as they were constructing switching facilities to the mid- point power plant and car barn. This building was an odd shaped brick building that sets along the south edge of U. S. 150 in Fithian. This building had a large engine and dynamo and was capable of storing four cars.
    Danville and Champaign already had their power plants and when the Fithian Station came on line the cars could run much faster. On September 6 the first through cars made the trip from Champaign to Danville. The schedule showed cars leaving Champaign on the even hours, towit, 6, 8, 10 A.M., 12 Noon, 2, 4, 6, 8, & 10 P.M., and leaving Urbana 20 minutes after those hours. Cars left Danville at 5:45, 7, 9, 11 A.M., 1, 3, 5, 7, & 9 P.M. There were depots at St. Joseph, Ogden, Fithian, and Oakwood. Muncie was still trying to get a depot as late as 1920. Oakwood’s depot was on South Main Street near Olmstead. The line was actually in South Main Street with the poles carrying the power along the north edge of the street. This was necessary as the two railroads, the Big Four, and the C.& E.I. had control of all the right of way between North and South Main Streets.
    As soon as the Danville – Champaign line was completed, William B. McKinley sent the big steam locomotive, that had been assisting in the work, west of Champaign where he was building a line from Champaign via Decatur to Springfield. Superintendent Smith, who built the line from Danville to Champaign, was assigned to build a line from Springfield to St. Louis. There was talk of building another line from Danville to Indianapolis, but it never materialized. A spur line was built from Ogden south to Homer, after the Danville – Champaign line was built. Homer had hoped that the main line would route through their village and that they would have the mid-point station.
    The October 8, 1903 edition of the Champaign News Gazette had a large article on the formal opening ()law Danville – Champaign line of October 7. At 2 PM, Wm. B. McKinley left Champaign and Urbana, with those city officials and several of the McKinley syndicate of railroad officials and stopped in St. Joseph where they met a special train coming from Danville. The special trains then headed for Danville picking up officials of St. Joseph, Ogden, (including Homer) Fithian, Muncie, Oakwood, Missionfield, and Hillery. A lunch was served on all three trains before arriving at the Danville Plaza. They then continued on to the Soldier’s Home where Governor Clements and a large crowd welcomed the 150 dignitaries. They were shown around the grounds and another meal was served after which there were many speeches made.

FIRST HORSELESS CARRIAGE

The first automobile was believed to have been purchased by Dr. Hensley in 1908. It was a high wheel, steel tired.Kiblinger- At about the same time W.G. Green bought a Tourist automobile in California where he was spending the winter..- He brought it home on the train as there were very few auto roads.

VISITING PHOTOGRAPHER
In the swing of 1909 a traveling photographer came to town. He took at best 16 pictures of street scenes, school children, the elevator, and we would love to know what else? He took his pictures and made them into Post cards- They can be identified by the writing on the back which says “Genuine Photo by C.V. Williams, Bloomington, Ill.” One picture at the old school on Scott Street (Ames from the Christian Church) shows a group of Youths. Two girls in front are holding  sign which says -Oakwood High School 1909″. 

OAKWOOD CREAMERY

The Oakwood Creamery was officially started the 18th of July, 1910 block 3 of Hillman’s First Addition. According to some old timers, this is town east on North Main Street.


COMMERCIAL CLUB OF OAKWOOD

Below is the list of the Commercial Club members most of whom attended the first banquet in 1910, as copied from the records of Oral E. Longstreth.

C.C. Andrews, Banker

James Carpenter, Well Driller

James Elliott, School Principal

Frank Gill, Sawmill

Edward Hillman, Farmer

and his guest James Gutterridge

John Johnson, Bank Pres. & Farmer

E.N. Longstreth, Liveryman & Ins.

Oral Longstreth, age 14, Guest

S.B. Longstreth, Monuments & Railway Mail Clerk

Smith Mason, Lumber & Hardware

Mr. Moore, Mang. Oakwood Creamery

Delbert Meade, Rural Mailman

C.J. Oakwood, Mailman

Fred Oakwood, Farmer

H.J. Oakwood, Farmer

Thomas Oakwood, Farmer

William Oakwood, Farmer

C.H. Oakwood, Farmer

Brad Neal, Blacksmith

W.D. Rogers, Grocer

John Redman, Undertaker

Sam Sailor, Livestock Buyer & Building Contractor

Thomas Sailor, Farmer

Will Sailor, Farmer

Richard Seymour, Farmer

Dell Saylor, General Store

Frank Stanner, Rural Mailman & Carpenter

Charles Young, Merch. & Postmaster

First Secretary; Mrs. S. B. Longstreth, succeeded by Mont Fox in 1913. Mrs. Eva Oakwood served as caterer of first banquet assisted by Nelle Oakwood, Mrs. C.C. Andrews, Nettie Rogers, and Ida Meade. Girls waiting on tables were Bess Oakwood, Mae Sailor (McCammon), Dean Oakwood (Francis), Florence Knox, and Nellie Hall (Clapp).

Oakwood Township High School had an interesting beginning. Some residents of the village the township was named for worked to have a referendum passed to create a high school district in the eastern half of the township, with the school to be constructed in their village. Three hundred people voted on the proposition in May 1915, and it was defeated 198 to 102. In early June, another proposition was voted on to create a township-wide high school district. Four hundred seven people voted and it passed 215 to 192. George Goodrich, who served on an early high school board, informed his son Ralph there were a few “bloody noses” over the contested elections.

The slim positive margin allowed Dr. Oscar W. Michael, who led the effort to create a township-wide high school district, to oversee the construction of a fine school in the center of the township. The doctor served as the school district’s first president in 1915 and continued in that office for 38 years. His calm, steady leadership dissipated some of the bitterness that existed after the two elections. He was among the first to realize the day of the small school district was coming to an end.

OAKwooD IN 1910

In 1910, Oakwood was at the height or its involvement as a railroad town. There were two railroads and an Interurban serving the village. The Interurban prior to 1919 ran in the middle of South Main Steet. There were over 100 houses in the village. A few might have been built a year or two later than 1910. 

1..Wilber Green Home   (On Oakwood)

2. Methodist Church (On Oakwood)

3 – Hotel (Collett and Scott Street)

3a – Former John A Clapphome

4 – Brad Neal blacksmith Shop

5 Brad Neal Residence

6. Odd Fellows Building

7 Ecreamery

8 • Sand, Gravel & Coal Bins

9. Trent Bros, Lumber, later it became

Mason & Trent, Previously

8th Yards & first- elevator here

10 BB, Miner’s Elevator

burned in 1943

11 – Big Four Depot – C&EI Hauled freight only

12 – John Ritdman home, Merchant & Undertaker

13 Delbert Meade home, rural mail carrier

14 – Barber Shop (Still stands)

15 Store torn down by 1917

16 Allison’s Restaurant, later a grocery & Interurban Office

17 WD. Rogers grocery

18 Unknown, a buggy shed?

19 Unknown, later became W.D. Rogers
Storeroom


20 -E;.N. Longstreth’s Livery
21 – Unknown, later Longstreth’s Harness Shop
still later south haifor Blue Room
22 – J.S. Davis Gen, Merchandise

23 – Bank of Oakwood, still stands

24 – C.C. Young Gen. Store & Post Office

First telephone here.

25 – John Young’s Drug Store

26 – Dr. Snider’s Office & Residence

27 & 28 F.M. Harris, Shoemaker in one of these, later used as Interurban storeroom

29 – Saylor’s General Store

30 – Interurban Depot, burned (?) by 1915

30 • Former John A. Clapp home

31 – Z.S. “Dell” Saylor Home

32 – Site of Tile Factory

33 – Pharis M. Saylor home

34 – Grade & High School, James Elliott, Principal

35 – Christian Church

36 – The “Big Cottonwood Tree” an early landmark

37 – Newt Longstreth home

37a – Robert F. Pinegar home

38 – Richard Seymour home

39 – Sam Sailor’s home ??

40 – Finley School, remodeled into a home in 1893 by Henry J. Oakwood, It still stands

41 – Henry J. Oakwood homestead

42 – Wm. C. Harrison homestead

RANGE ROAD

Range Road is mentioned several times in this history. It runs north and south, one-half mile east of oakwood. Its name comes from the fact that it is the dividing line between Range 12 and Range 13. Oakwood is in Range 13. While land descriptions are confusing to us today, our ancestors, who were mostly farmers, understood them. Before Oakwood came along, Range Road was the main road from Newtown south to Danville – Urbana State Road.

OAKWOOD BUILDING AND LOAN

The Oakwood Building & Loan was organized in 1911 by Samuel B. Longstreth, J.H. Elliott, Thomas Oakwood, Walter D. Rogers and ,John N. Redman.

THE LIGHTS WERE TURNED ON

Electricity officially came to Oakwood on November 30, 1912. That evening a gala celebration was held at the Methodist Church. The banquet room was decorated. A sumptuous feast was prepared and at precisely 6:30 PM Mayor B.W. Neal pushed a button and Oakwood was lighted for the first time in history. Every street was lighted. Charles Andrews, the cashier at the bank, was the toastmaster. Speeches were made by J.H. Elliott, J.W. Johnson, Mrs. Dr. Williams, Mr. Kimball, representative of the light company and C.C. Young, the postmaster. The audience was also entertained by music from a victrola. This event was covered by the Danville Press, Democrat. There was some electricity in the village prior to the above event. The Christian Church had its own power plant, probably installed in 1911, when they remodeled. Some of the stores may have had a power plant also,

ELECTION FOR A TOWNSHIP HIGH SCHOOL

In 1915 there was a suit in court to enlarge high school districts. Each township at that time could decide on their own high schools. Oakwood already had a high school. Mayor Longstreth and the village board thought the township should be divided in two halves, an east and a west half, Oakwood had a new school built in 1914 and Mayor Longstreth felt it was adequate to house the new students for several years, thus saving tax dollars. Fithian agreed with this and was willing to build the other high school. Muncie, which was just inside the western half of the township, disagreed. They thought there should be just one high school and since they were closer to the center of the township, they should have the high school. All three villages set election dates. Oakwood set theirs first on Saturday, May 29, 1915. The polls would open at the school from 1:00 PM to 6:00 PM. If this election passed, the other two would be moot. Fifteen minutes after the polls opened, a large group of Muncie area people (and probably some Fithian voters) arrived, all with proof that they lived in the township and “Steam Rolled” the election. They hung around all day, scaring off some Oakwood voters. The proposal was defeated. Needless to say, feelings “got all het up”. Muncie’s election was the following Saturday. Oakwood people raised a large contingent and went over there to defeat their election. Fithian voters apparently realized that none of the villages could pass a vote on their own and they voted for Muncie’s proposal. It passed and the school was built in 1916 on the present site. Villages in Vermilion County, Illinois with four year high schools in 1915 as listed by the Danville Press were; Georgetown, Ridgefarm, Westville, Ellis Township, Sidell, East Lynn, Oakwood, Armstrong, Alvin, Bismarck and Rankin. Georgetown had just built a $50,000 building. Most of the others had their high school combined with their grade school as Oakwood did. Oakwood started with a two year high school in 1892 and progressed to a four year high school in 1898.

POST OFFICE ROBBED

In May of 1915 the Post Office, which was housed in Smith Mason’s Store, at the northeast coroner Scott and North main, was robbed, The burglars apparently used nitro as the door of the office was completely blown off and the safe badly damaged. The strong box was found a couple days later at the Two Rivers Mine. The robber’s tracks were followed down to the river, but were lost. The day before the robbery a safe salesman was in town visiting the different businesses. He there. took special pains looking over the Post Office safe. He was suspected to be one of the robbers.

The Third Church 

The Oakwood Holiness Mission dedicated their new house of Worship the first Sunday in June, 1915. Speakers were from Olivet and a Rev. Martin of Chicago. This building was later sold to the  Nazarene. In February or 1917 a $300 mortgage was due and they could not meet it. The Reverend J.L. Pellum, Pastor of the United Brethren churches at nearby Lake Shore and Glossbrenner, was living in Oakwood. He got his two congregations to raise the $ p
300 and purchased the Church from  the Nazarenes. A few years later the Lake Shore Church burned and that congregation joined with the Oakwood Church. The Oakwood United Brethren Church held services until the late 1960’s  when that denomination joined with the Methodists. The building sat idle for over 20 years before it was sold to Mr. Will Hockett. He has since disassembled the church and put up a new apartment building.


TRAVELING BARBER
In July of 1915 work began on J. Smith Mason’s new $7,000 dollar home, on the site of the old
school building. Pleasant Grove Baptists held a basket dinner and Lake Shore UB Church had an  Ice Cream Social at Goodrich’s Grove and held Baptism at Jordan Ford. Peter Blue was the
contractor for the Woodard home in South Park Addition.
    Amidst all this a traveling barber came to town by the name of Harry Rose. Mr. McDaniels  needed help and Harry proved he could do the job. In fact he was quite good at barbering and  proved to be a good story teller as well. He made several friends including a girl friend. He ran  some bills up at local businesses. After about two weeks, Mr. McDaniels opened his shop one morning to find Harry had helped himself to the proceeds and skipped town. About two months  later it was learned that Harry’s girlfriend was receiving letters from Farmer City, Ill. Officers Meade and McDaniel got a State warrant and went after Harry. He skipped again just before they  got there. They suspected that he had been tipped off.


NEW HIGH SCHOOL
On September 1, 1915 the new Oakwood Township High School announced that their new school  building would not be done until September of 1916 that the first two years of high school would be  taught in Oakwood and Fithian with Muncie in Fithian’s half. The board would pay tuition for Juniors and Seniors to attend Danville or Champaign. (note- the Village of Oakwood started a two  year high school in 1892 and went to a four year high school in 1898. It was combined with the grade school and was probably not large enough for the whole township). The teachers at Oakwood were; Ethel Vance, primary; Grace Meade, grades 2 & 3; Helen Wilson, grades 4,5 & 6; Professor  Victor Gorman grades 7, 8, 9 & 10. There were 25 students in grades 7; 8 in grade 8 and 20 in high school.

HORSE SHOES & A ROCKY ROAD

Playing horseshoes was the local pastime in the summer. In 1915 the court was on the site where the Interurban Station had been. (It sat right, along the edge of South Main Street just west of Olmstead). They became quite boisterous. Ladies were afraid to walk by for fear of some throws of the “amateurs”. The Interurban official* kicked them off. The Big four officials had done the same thing to them in 1914. Mayor Longstreth, realizing that young men need to work off steam let them use village property on North Main Street.
    In October of 1915, Mike France was driving a Maxwell automobile with George France and his family as passengers. As they started down Rocky Ford Hill, Mike realized that he was going to fast and that his brakes were not going to hold. About halfway down he began to fear he would leave the grade at the foot of the hill where the road approached the bridge. He panicked, turning the car into the right bank. The car ran up the steep bank and flipped over backwards. Fortunately no one was seriously injured. (note-Rocky Ford is about two miles south of Oakwood on the Salt Fork River. The Maxwell car had mechanical brakes which were not the best).

THE CHEMICAL ENGINE

The last Sunday in May, 1915, Claire (Doc) Trimble married Miss Blanche Mosier in Central Park. “Doc” bought his bride to Oakwood where he was Chief Clerk of the new “Company Stom”, Hartshorn Bros. who owned several mines between Oakwood and Hillery had recently purchased Frank cassel’s General Store for a company store. W. D. Rogers announced plans to build a slaughter house on the river bank south of Oakwood. The Village Council purchased the Logansport Company’s larger type Chemical Wagon and housed it in Cramer’s Garage. (Cramer’s Garage was the old Livery stable on the west side of Scott Street). The chemical wagons first run was April 21, 1915 when Hayden’s house near the Methodist Church caught fire. Only Oral Longstreth, Charles Anderson and Jim Cawthon (Cramer’s son-in law) were near. They grabbed that big heavy engine and took off up Scott street as fast as they could. By the time they crossed all five sets of Railroad Tracks and reached the post office they were “tuckered”. (The post office was at Smith Mason’s hardware store at this time). Others came to help them. By the time they arrived, neighbors had put out the fire with buckets. The next fire was in July during a terrific electrical storm at the Albright Drug Store. (The Drug Store was just north of the present library. Albright had purchased the store in 1913 from John Young, who built it in Albright sold to Dr. Snider and his brother in 1916.) Lightning struck the rear of the drug
store causing the fire. The chemical wagon, only two doors north was brought over and
extinguished the fire. Without it the whole block might have gone up. Mayor Longstreth and the
Village Council were impressed and ordered six more Chemical loads.

BELLS FOR THE CROSSINGS

Mayor Longstreth and the Village Council demanded of both railroads and the Interurban that

they put bells at all intersections and the C&EI rnust aiso fix the holes at their crossings or the village would remove the tracks, The Big Four complied and the Interurban promised to. The C&EI  which had not used their tracks for 20 months took a different stand. On August 15, 1915 they brought an Electric Engine pulling several flat cars and hauling a gang of men on the interurhan to the Missionfield spur. They took up all the C&EI rails from the west edge of town through the village and on out to the Missionfield spur. They took the ties too, in most places.

INTERURBAN PROBLEMS

In December of 1915, the Illinois Traction System sought to secure a franchise from the village of Oakwood. The two had been working without a franchise for 12 years. The Interurban tracks came through town at this time in the middle of South Main Street. By 1915 there was auto traffic in town and there and been some collisions where Scott Street crossed South Main. The barbershop blocked people’s view of traffic coming from the west. The Interurban, being electric, ran so quietly it was upon an auto before it could be detected. The village was wanting bells of a flagman or the interurban to get out of the street.
    The ITS agreed to move its tracks to the north side of its poles, which would put them just out of the street. They would agree to a flag stop at Oakwood Street They would reduce the fee to nickel for a ride from the high school to Oakwood. They would take the responsibility off the village’s shoulders in case damage suits were brought up from accidents, in return they wanted fifty year lease, the sole right of the street over all vehicles or other traffic and the right to place other switches, spurs or connections in said street as shall be necessary.
    Mayor Longstreth and board members, Green, Downing, Miller and Hillman reported that the village citizens wanted a new brick depot (the old one was gone, possibly by that old bugaboo, fire), the removal of the tracks north to the C&EI abandoned right of way, the installation of a “team track”? Somewhere near the business district and the repair of the bells, some of which had never been hooked up.
    This squabble had been going on nearly a year and would last for almost three more years. We did not learn exactly how it came out but we know that the ITS moved their tracks only to the other side of the poles and rented Allison’s Restaurant for a station. Different people had a store there. John Miller was there in the 1930’s and early 40’s. Abe Casteel also had a grocery there. They sold tickets for Interurban. This building was on the east side of Scott Street near South Main. Rogers and Barnes later purchased it and expanded into it. The ITS also rented a building on South Main for a freight house.

1916

In late March Dick Seymour moved his house across the street so he could build it new one. It is now the home of Robert and Helen Solomon. The new one was a large two story brick home, modern in every way. It is presently the home of his great-grandson, Mike Cannon. It was completed in November of 1916.
    Ed Fox, Local manager of B B Miner’s elevator, brought charges against a Mr. Pate. Mr. Pate borrowed $485 against 600 bushels of corn and a span of mules that he apparently didn’t own.
    For the second straight year Oakwood was in a building boom. Emma Hillman had the Creamery remodeled into a home. Joseph Brothers, Richard Seymour, A. J. Leveridge and Ed Fox all built new homes, the latter was Stucco.

TAXI Service

By mid April, 1916, the roads cleared up enough for Frank Cassell to again start up his taxi service to the territory north.
    Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Green traveled to Indianapolis and returned with a new Cole automobile.
    Charles Richter of Lake Shre was attacked by two Fairmount men at his cabin.  He was not seriously injured.

HIGHLY HONORED CITIZENS

John Redman wanted to purchase a new Hearse to replace his horse drawn one. He did not like the ones on the market so he traveled to Knighttown, Indiana and designed his own hearse to go on a Hupmobile chassis. The Buggy Company built the chassis, and Hapmobile liked the design so well that they paid John to let them hold the Hearse for month so they show it off at the Indiana State Convention of Undertakers on May 16 to May18, 1916.

    Danville Press, May 24, 1916. “ Mayor Longstreth is the proud possessor of a letter from Theodore Roosevelt, signed by the Big Moose in those dollar a word penstrokes of his, congratulating him, upon his recent election to the mayor’s office of this place (Oakwood). 

BANDS ERECTED

    Local business donated 90 dollars and a bandstand was constructed. It was inaugurated the first Friday in June, 1916 with an open air concert. A roof and a very tall flag pole were later added and the Central Illinois Electric Company agreed to wire the stand and furnish electricity free. The bandstand was just south of the barber shop on Scott Street. Today it would be between the old barber shop and the Video Store.  

WATERLOO

In October of 1916 a cinder path was made from the high school to Muncie, so no one would again walk Illinois Traction System rails.
    John N. Redman purchased a Waterloo Tractor (the first John Deere) and began demonstrating it on area farms, with a great success. He doubtless made some sales.
    Dr. Snider and Bert Snider purchased the drug store. Patrons of the light company were complaining about interruptions in the service becoming all too frequent.

“NIMRODS”

In November of 1916, area farmers became upset and formed an association and promised to prosecute the “nimrods” who were coming out from Danville to hunt. it seems they were carelessly tramping down the crops and shooting all the rabbits, prairie chickens and quail and even an occasional farm animal. We wonder when the last prairie chicken was seen in these parts?

The greater prairie chicken was almost extinct in the 1930s due to hunting pressure and habitat loss. In Illinois alone, in the 1800s the prairie chicken numbered in the millions. They were a popular game bird, and like many prairie birds, which have also suffered massive habitat loss, they are now on the verge of extinction, with the wild bird population at around 200 in Illinois in 2019. They now only live on small parcels of managed prairie land. It is thought that their current population is approximately 500,000 individuals. In May 2000, the Canadian Species at Risk Act listed the greater prairie chicken as extirpated in its Canadian range (Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario). It was again confirmed by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada in November 2009. Nonetheless, sightings and encounters continue to occur in the south-central regions of Alberta and Saskatchewan, along with southern Ontario where sightings are extremely rare. 

Also in November, the ladies of the Methodist Church held an election dinner at F. M. Harris’ Shoe Store. Election returns were received at the More over the wire while they ate. It was a great success. Fithian Methodist ladies did the same thing at Jones Bros. Garage in Fithian.

YELLOWPOINT (The Civil War Veteran that became a Shoemaker)

Francis Marion Harris was Oakwood’s Shoemaker. He had a shop on South Main Street about where the present laundromat is. He reported in November, 1916 that he had ridden his bicycle 5,500 miles in the last 13 years. Mr. Harris was a Civil War Veteran. He enlisted August 29, 1861 at Yellowpoint Point* , on top of what is now called Glenburn Hill, at age 17. He spent 1 year and 3 months in the Thirty-Fifth Illinois Infantry. Then he enlisted in the Fourth US Calvary. He fought in about 20 battles, including Stone River, Mission Ridge, Lookout Mountain, Chattanooga, Atlanta, and the second battle of Nashville. He was discharged December 4, 1865 at San Antonio, Texas. He was born in 1843 and died in 1922 and is buried in the Oakwood Cemetery.

*NOTE – A “Point” was a group of trees that jutted out away from the river into the prairie. They usually followed a small branch that flowed into the river. Prairie fires burned the prairie each year. Only trees near water survived. Early pioneers named these “points” and used them to

navigate by°

OAKWOOD SCHOOLS

By 1891 there were 121 students in the Oakwood School District. The one room Finley School was considered capable of handling 60 pupils. A newspaper article complained about the voters growling down the school bills. A school bill was finally passed in June of 1891 and work was started on a new school. It was built on the corner of Longstreth and Scott, just west, across the street from the Christian Church. According to an article written in 1930 this school was a two story, two room frame building It was ready for the start of 1892 school year and according to the same source it would now teach two years of high school also. It was probably too small when it was built, for the article said that a few years later two more rooms were added on, and now they would teach all 12 grades. A search of the Danville newspapers shows that the school was completed in 1898. A dog tax of one dollar was levied to help pay for the school.
    In 1914 Oakwood built another new school on the site of the present school. It was brick, two  stories high with two large rooms on each floor with a full basement and with several smaller rooms.  Some of the teachers who taught here for the first few years were : James Joiner, Miss Grace Meade, Miss Ethel Vance, Miss Lillie Patterson and Miss Francis Fanson. V. W. Gorman was  Principal of the High School for three years, through 1916, when township high was voted in. This school was added onto several times over the years and might be remembered by some as it was torn down a little less than 30 years ago. 

OAKWOOD TOWNSHIP HAS BEST IN WORLD

September 24, 1916

Township High School Building Equipment Make It A Young College

Should Be Proud. 

Oakwood township is just completing what is said by educators and others of trustworthy judgment, to be the finest township high school building in the world. This takes into consideration the wonderful beauty of the grounds and the possibilities they offer, the splendid thoroughness which characterizes the building and its equipment; and the board and taxpayers who are backing the building and operations of this miniature college. The finest in the world-that’s taking in a lot of territory, but it is up to any contenders for honors to bring on its equal. Standing upon an eminence upon the east bank of Stony Creek, surrounded by twenty acres so ideally adapted for athletics on one hand and landscape works on the other, nature herself seems to have chosen this place above all others for the location of this institution. Western Oakwood Township’s first pioneer located his cabin on the very site, the old well which he dug being located almost in the center of the gymnasium.

Justifiable Pride

Two representatives of the Press visited Muncie one day recently, pulled Dr. 0. W. Michael (president of the township high school board,) away from his dinner and took him out to the new school building. Enthusiasm is a weak word to describe the way that, well known country doctor went about showing the newspaper men over “the greatest.” He has put his time, his very soul into making this school what it is, and he and his fellow board members have every right in the world to show pride in their achievement. And not only are they proud but there is not a man, woman or child in the entire sixty-six square miles of Oakwood Township who does not feel the same way. It may, upon first thought, cause some of a burning sensation in the region of the pocketbook, but the cost is so small and scattered out over so many years that even the tightest tightwad is carried off his feet by contemplation of what he has been helping to do.

The Grounds

The twenty acres which make up the high school grounds lay ideally. The grounds are bounded on the north by the highway, which will be paved next year and on the west by Stony Creek. The main building is located on the highest point in the grounds, and with the exception of several of the knobs on California Ridge upon the highest point in the county. From the roadway to the north a gentle slope rises to the level five acre table upon the edge of which the school building stands. Back of the building proper is the ground which will be devoted to the tennis courts, the outdoor basket ball field, the gridiron and the diamond.

Natural Landscape

All of these are to be found upon the eastern third of the grounds. To the west the northern portion of the grounds slope gently away to the creek valley, being covered with the trees which nature planted there, the ground carpeted with wonderful bluegrass. The southwest portion of the grounds, upon which is located the caretakers residence and the long barn and garage are abruptly terminated upon the west by the twenty-five foot bluffs overlooking the creek. From a point immediately west of the barn, looking either north or south can be obtained one of the most beautiful “wildness of nature” landscapes that Illinois can produce.

The Driveways

At the northeast corner of the grounds will he located a driveway and entrance. This driveway of crushed stone or.gravel, will describe a great arc, passing within fifty feet of the main entrance to the  building and will leave the grounds some little distance to the west at the western entrance. Besides this entrance, next year it is planned to erect a beautiful little interurban section. 

Driveways leave this main road at each side of the buildings, and pass within a few feet of the east and  west entrances, having as their objective the barn, located several hundred feet to the south and west. These driveways not only add to the beauty of the grounds but will enable persons driving to school or bringing students to stop almost at the doorway before driving on.

Cinder Pathways 

From the front entrance a concrete walk extends to the main driveway, a distance of about fifty feet. This is the only concrete-walk which will be found on the grounds as the landscape men advised against its use at least until the grounds had been permanently laid out. From the west entrance a cinder path will lead directly westward down the hill, through the grove of trees. At the sharper descent when the creek bank is reached this path will follow an old•trail, possibly used by the first settlers to the level of the creek bottom. It will then skirt the hill to the roadway at the edge of the grounds where it will meet the path leading to the village.

Fountains

A drinking fountain will be located on this path a hundred yards west of the school building. This, with two fountains in the main hall and one each in the boys’ and girls’ dressing rooms will make up the drinking water supply of the building. The caretaker’s cottage is modern and the barn is equipped with water. This supply comes from a deep, never-failing well and is on tap under high pressure at all times. The pressure tanks with a 3,000 gallon capacity are used for this purpose.

To Rebuild Dam

Opposite the old trail mentioned in an above paragraph was located the old Dalbey Mill, more than half a century ago. One of its sills can still be seen, peeping from the creek bank. It is planned in the future to build a dam upon the exact site of the old mill dam which was used for power. This dam will not only create a lake at this point but will be used in power experiments by the various classes which will be developed in the science branches. One must remember that there is a great future in store for this institution and that its limits are almost boundless.

The Cottage And Barn

Let us take a glance at the caretaker’s cottage and the barn before dropping into the school building. The barn, a combined hitching shed and garage, is about a hundred feet in length. It will accommodate a number of horses or machines. It was built for the benefit of those students who desire to drive from a distance to attend school. It will save them livery charges and will likewise be a great time-saver for them. The drainage facilities are excellent here and the barn is equipped with running water. It was erected at a cost of about $1,200.

To the northward, almost even with and slightly lower than the rear of the high school building is the caretaker’s cottage. It is constructed in accordance with the latest ideas in cottage architecture. Four rooms and bath, with half a dozen closets and pantries and with a roomy basement, modern throughout and heated from the high school plant, the cottage is easily the most modern in this part of the country. The outlook from any of its windows or porch is ideal.

The Gym

Thirty-six feet wide.

Sixty-six feet long.

Fourteen feet deep.

That’s the size of the gymnasium in the high school building. Hardwood floor, glazed brick walls, lighted by great windows, high up on the south wall where they can be easily screened if necessary, flanked to the north by a set of bleachers capable of seating 300 people at a pinch-can you image anything more ideal? The bleacher space is not included in the 36 x 66 figures above. Of course there is no equipment in the gymnasium at present but you can rest assured that it will be there and up to date.

The Auditorium

The assembly room is located at the south center of the building, directly above the gym with the same amount or floor space. It. will seat 140 students without crowding for desk room. It entire south wall is a mass of windows and improved shades will graduate this tight when necessary. The rostrum occupies the west center of the long room. To the east of the assembly entered by a door eighteen feet in width is the library and reading room, 20 x 20 feet. It is also well lighted.

Entrances

The main entrance is located in the exact center of the north, or front of the building. From the entrance an iron stairway will lead to the first floor hallway. This hallway, not of great width, run: east and west through the exact center of the building from the east to the west entrance. it •; reached at either end by well built stairways leading from spacious landings. The only south’ entrance to the building is the rear door to the gymnasium, for the use of field and athletic team in leaving the building.

The Basement

The basement is a masterpiece of architectural work, not a square inch of space being wasted, it is, after all, only half basement, for the greater part of it is well above the ground and for all practical uses one would never realize that he was below the surface. Besides the gymnasium and bleachers the basement includes: Two large toilet rooms. The boy’s room is equipped with two showers; the girl’s room with one. A large lunch room, equipped with running water and drinking fountain. A manual training room, equipped with a tool room and lumber storage room annexed. It is in the storage room that the automatic heat control mechanism is located. It keeps the building at an even temperature. A domestic science room. This room is equipped with gas, water and electricity. It is to contain a double row of cooking tables and it is intended that the cooking be practical. In fact students may cook their own food or may buy dinners at cost from the school kitchen.

Individual Desks

While looking through the domestic science department the newspaper man and the doctor enthusiast happened upon a room in which were stored a bunch of the new individual desks which are to be used. These represent a genuine departure from all Vermilion County ideas of study. The side-arm chairs which are to be used in the class rooms are no novelty, but individual, unattached desks with chairs are an innovation.

These desks, solidly constructed with just the exact slope, are reproductions of the ideal library desk. The desks open, displaying a roomy space for keeping books and study material. Each desk leg sits upon a steel bearing which will enable it to be moved easily and noiselessly. The desk and chair idea will do away with the usual uncomfortable position which the average desk enforces and will enable the student to adjust both chair and desk to his greatest convenience.

The First Floor

South of the hail on the first floor mentioned above, will be found, beside the assembly and library, the boy’s cloak room, at the east end of the hail, and the girl’s cloak room and rest room at the west end of the hall. This rest room will be fully equipped.

To the north of the hallway, besides the main entrance stairway and the space it must occupy there are a number of rooms. The group near the middle of the hallway includes the teachers’ private room in which every comfort is provided for the members of the faculty, and principal’s private office and outer waiting room.

At the east end of the hallway may be found the Commercial room. This room is divided by a glass partition. One part will be devoted to bookkeeping and the routine of the commercial course, the other part to the typewriter department. The partition, soundproof, will enable students in both classes to proceed with their work under the supervision of one instructor. The click of the machines will not, however, disturb the workers in the other rooms.

At the west end of the hallway is located a class room. all classrooms and the building throughout is equipped with blackboards and all are well lighted.

Second Floor

On the second floor is to be found a long hallway, duplicating the one on the first floor. It has just two rooms to the south, however, one at each end forming wings enclosing the open space above the assembly roof.  The west wing room is to be used as an agricultural laboratory and it’s equipment will be the most complete in the county. The east wing room is to be devoted to general class work.
    To the north of the hallway will be found four rooms of about equal size. From west to east they will be devoted to a biology laboratory, a physics laboratory, a chemistry laboratory and music room. Like everything else in this institution where nothing has been forgotten these rooms will be perfectly equipped.
    From the north windows of these three rooms one gains the widest, most delightful panoramic view to be found in the county.

L’envol

The building is not yet finished. It is being pushed to competition and its full equipment will as the contractor turns it over to the board. At that time, or at the time of the formal dedication something more may be said of the equipment and general appearance of the new building. 

    There it stands, stately, pillared like an ancient temple to the power of education, commanding the eye and winning commendation from all who view it. It is the wish of those who have directly fathered this wonderful structure that it become the center of learning for all Western Vermilion County. With their wishes carried out, at a relatively small cost to the taxpayers, Oakwood Township’s new high school may become a great community center, a miniature college, and the most wonderful power for the uplifting and of those who built it and those who will study within its walls that has ever been produced. – J. R. Compton

CHAMPAIGN.URBANA NEWSPAPER. SEPTEMBER 8, 1916

THREE TEACHERS KILLED BY LT.S. CAR

Three teachers at the new Oakwood Township High School were struck and killed shortly after noon today by the Illinois Traction System car 270, westbound, while walking the track to Muncie.
    Miss Annirene Kirkland, daughter of Rev. & Mrs. R. Sam Kirkland, 302 West Illinois Street, Urbana and Miss Edith Elmendorf of Morrison, Illinois were killed outright and Harold Gentzen of Beaver Dam, Wisconsin died within seconds after witnesses reached him.
    The tragedy almost wiped out the faculty of the Oakwood school. E.C. Smith, the principal being the only instructor left.
    The three teachers had been at the school, this being registration day, preliminary to opening the session next monday morning.

They were on their way to the home of Professor Smith and his wife in Muncie, walking along the I.T.S. right of way. A freight train on the Big Four Railroad, the tracks of which parallel the Interurban, was making so much noise that they failed to hear the approaching trolley car, which was coming up a steep grade beyond a curve. It was upon them as it rounded the curve, striking all three before they could make an effort to escape.
    The bodies were hurled to the side of the track. All were killed by head injuries. The bodies were put on the car and taken to Muncie. The Interurban car left Danville at 12:01 and the accident occurred 12:21. In charge of the car was Motorman Carter and Conductor Norton, both of Springfield.

September 10, 1916

NO ONE BLAMED FOR DEATH OF THREE TEACHERS

A coroner’s jury at Muncie last Saturday afternoon returned an open verdict in the case relative to the death of the three teachers who were killed by the Interurban car while walking the I.T.S. racks near Muncie. Saturday afternoon, the large diamond ring worn by Miss Kirkland that was torn from its setting when the car struck her, was found on the tracks at the scene of the accident by her brother, 

note- In 1916 the roads of Oakwood Township were still dirt and probably the reason these three teachers, all in their early to mid twenties were walking the I.T.S. tracks.

HISTORY OF OAKWOOD TOWNSHIP HIGH SCHOOL

DISTRICT NO. 227, VERMILION COUNTY, ILLINOIS

Oakwood Township High School was organized at an election held in Muncie, Illinois, on June 5, 1915. Those who favored the establishment of one school in Oakwood Township succeeded after  strenuous efforts. The proposition to organize the East end of the Township into a high school district was defeated at an election held on the Saturday next preceding the election at which this district was organized. The District as organized included the greater portion of Oakwood Township, and a small part of Catlin Township and comprises sixty-six sections of land. Within its boundaries are the villages of  Fithian, Muncie and Oakwood, and the towns of Bronson, Newtown and Brother’s Station. The population of the district, according to the last census, is approximately 2772. An election held on June 19, 1915, for the purpose of electing a Board of Education of said District to consist of one President and six members, resulted in the election of O.W. Michael, as President, and C. E. Littell, Eli H. Fox, J.S. Purnell, George P. Vinson, Thomas Oakwood and P. H.  Fithian as members. The President and two of the Members of the Board reside in the center of the district, two members reside in the West end of the district. The personnel of the Board remains unchanged.
The first meeting of the Board of Education was held at the residence of Dr. 0. W. Michael in
Muncie, Illinois, on June 21, 1915, at the hour of 6:30 o’clock P. M. The Board proceeded to organize  by selecting G. E. Littell, as Secretary, and J. W. Johnston, Treasurer of Township No. Nineteen North, Range thirteen West of the Second Principal Meridian, as the Treasurer to receive the taxes  of said School District. The President was authorized to appoint the necessary committees. It was determined at this first meeting that monthly meetings should be held at the office of 0. W. Michael,  in Muncie, Illinois, on the first Monday of each month, at 6:30 o’clock P.M. The place of holding meetings was later changed to the new school building.
At a meeting held on June 28, 1915, the Board adopted the name “Oakwood Township High
School District No. 227, in the county of Vermilion, in the State of Illinois” as the corporate name of  said School district, and all business of such district since such time has been transacted under that name.  The Board having determined that it was advisable to hold school in the east and west ends of the district during the first year leased a room at the school building in Oakwood, Illinois, and the  building and grounds occupied by the First Church of Christ, in Fithian, Illinois. Professor Gorman was retained to teach the school in the east end of the district, while Professor Minor was employed  to teach the school in the west end of the district. In accordance with the prayer of a petition filed in the office of the secretary, an election was held on July 31, 1915, at which the voters of the district authorized the board to purchase a school  house site, to build a building and to issue bonds of the district in the sum of $20,000; the Wise site, located along the Interurban line about three quarters of a mile east of Muncie, was chosen as the site for the new school building. The site chosen contains about twenty acres of land, most of which is situated east of and adjacent to Stony Creek. A small portion thereof, comprising three acres, lies to the west of Stony Creek. The land is rolling, the soil is virgin, and a portion of the grounds is covered by native forest trees. The highest point on the grounds was chosen as the site upon which  to construct the school building. On November 2, 1915, the contract covering erection and completion of the school building, with the exception of heating, lighting, decorating and ventilating, was let to Wm. C. F. Kuhne, of Rantoul, Illinois. Carson-Payson Co., of Danville, Illinois, was later awarded the contract for heating and plumbing, and the contract for wiring the building was let to Marrs-Tanner Co., of Danville, Illinois.
The work on the building was commenced immediately after the letting of the contract, and on
Sunday, April 16, 1916, a great number of people assembled on the grounds to witness the laying of  the corner stone. The front portion of the grounds was almost completely covered with the automobiles and carriages of the visitors. There were present three bands viz; the Ogden Band, the  Fithian Band and the Oakwood Band, all of which rendered excellent music both previous to and after the speaking. The President of the Board delivered a very. appropriate address of welcome which was followed by a report of the Secretary, covering in detail the organization of the District, the election of members of the board of Education and the acts and proceedings of the board. This was followed by addresses by O.P. Haworth, County Superintendent of Schools, Everett L. Dalbey, Attorney, and James A Meeks, Attorney.

The speaking was followed by the laying of the corner stone by Everett L Dalbey. In the corner stone is a copper box, which contains many things which should be interesting to succeeding generations. The crowd was dismissed by the singing of America, led by W. S. Lucas.  

 It was later ascertained that the district had insufficient funds to complete the construction of the school building, and the Board called an election on May 20, 1916 for the purpose of voting for or against the proposition to issue bonds of said School District in the sum of $30,000. At such election the board was given authority to issue such bonds, which was done and the same was sold at a very good price.

Previous to the completion of the school building, contacts were let to Wm. F. Kuhne for the construction of the care takers cottage and a shelter shed for carriages and automobiles.

The school building was then furnished with the very best furniture and fixtures, purchased through C. L. Sandusky, of Danville, Illinois and furnished by the Newton-Hoit Company of Chicago Illinois. 

At a meeting held on May 1. 1916 thirty three applications for the position of principal of the school were placed before the board for consideration and Glen C. Smith of Urbana, Illinois the present principal was chosen. LAter Miss Annirene Kirkland of Urbana, Illinois, Miss Edith Elmendorf, of Morrison, Illinois, and Harold J Gentzen, of Beaver Dam Wisconsin were retained as instructors for the ensuing year.

September 11, 1916, was set as the date for the opening of school in the new building. However, on Friday September 8, 1916, following a period of registration of students, three of the instructors, namely; Miss Kirkland, Miss Elmendorf and Mr. Gentzen were struck and killed by an interurban car at a point on the right of way about one-quarter of a mile west of the school building. The Board met on September 11, 1916, adopted resolutions of respect, copies of which were sent to the bereaved parents, and ordered that the auditorium of the school building be draped in mourning for a period of six months. The opening of the school was postponed until September 25, 1916. 

The Board later retained Wm. E. Roth, Margaret Torrence and Lora Grace Kays as instructors to take the place of those previously employed. 

On September 25, 1916 at nine o’ clock A.M., the Board of Education attended the formal opening of the school. The school was then addressed by O. W. Michael and J. S. Purnell, after which the opening of the classes and teachers were duly assigned, and the board retired for business. The school opened with an enrollment of eighty-eight students. At the beginning of the second semester this number was increased to ninety four. At the first commencement of the Oakwood Township High School, in June, 1917, a class of seven students will be graduated. 

The school building was dedicated on Friday, April 27, 1917, at which time there were exercises and speaking. The school has been fully accredited by the proper authorities of the State of Illinois. Favored as it is by abundant resources, a beautiful and well constructed building, a location accessible to all, and a spirit of genuine friendship among members of the Board, parents, teachers, and students, the school promises to be one of the leading education institutions in the state. 

A New PAPER

In January of 1917, the Oakwood Band decided to form a theoretical group. Actors were Alfred Meade, Ernest Seymour, Keith Finley, Oral Longstreth, Grace Meade, Sylvia Trimble, Edna Dalby and Minnie Doran.

Oakwood Township High School got electricity from Fithian.

In February, the old Henry Oakwood home, south of Oakwood, burned to the ground. OTHS trounced Homer High 34 to 22 in basketball and Oakwood had a new newspaper, the Oakwood Township Review. It was a four page, six column, weekly paper with Oscar F. Miller as editor and only employee.

NEW ViLLAGE ORDINANCES

At the February, 1917 Village Board meeting, permission was granted for Standard Oil to purchase a lot in Carpenter’s Addition for a station and storage tanks. This was at the east MAin Street where Tim Wolfe now lives.

The Board passed the following new ordinances:

Section 1. No trains or interurban may go faster than 8 miles per hour.
Section 2 No trains or interurban may block a crossing for more than five minutes
Section 3 All trains or Interurbans shall construct, repair and maintain good or safe crossings, culverts and bridges wherever and whenever needed.

Section 4 Whenever the above is needed the village president or attorney will give 15 days notice. Failure to comply, 10 to 50 dollar file.
Section 5 The village may do the construction at the railroads expense
Section 6 Railroad violations of a fine, up to $200 fine.

The Funeral Home

Collings and Burke opened the first undertaking store in early April, of 1892. They did not have a Hearse, using an open wagon instead. Prior to this, people took care of their own and some probably continued to do so.

The next undertaker was John Redman, probably about 1895. He lived on the southwest corner of Oakwood and South main Streets in a house facing the railroad. Just west of his home John had a Buggy House where he kept a horse drawn hearse. Some people say they have seen this old hearse in a barn in Oakwood as late as the 1940’s. Some time after 1910 John Redman north of the present Library. During World War I, the Funeral purchased the General Store of C. C. Young on Scott Street and turned it into a funeral home. This would have been about 50 feet Home doubled as a Red Cross Center. A 1918 picture shows a gas pump in front of the funeral home. By this time John had purchased a combination Hearse & Ambulance to use in his business. John N. Redman died in 1919 at the age of 55. Vernice L. Redman, who had been assisting his father, took over the business and ran it until 1929 when he died at the age of 33. It was probably Vernice who purchased the big two story house on South Main Street where the present Funeral Home sits. James H. Cawthon (1891-1967) came to Oakwood in 1914 and later went into business with his father-in-law, Harry Cramer as they turned the old Livery Stable in to a Garage. Later he went to work for Redman’s Funeral Home. After the death of Vernice Redman, James purchased the businesses from the widow, Goldie Redman. James Cawthon then ran the business until 1946 when he sold to Harlan Johnson. Harlan Johnson, who was born November 16, 1907, still owns the Funeral Home. He hired Fred Barnes from Flatrock, Illinois to come and run it for him. Fred ran the Funeral Home for 3 years and then went to work in Harrison Rogers Grocery Store. Fred and Harrison became partners in 1951. Later, Hank Neff ran the Funeral Home for Mr. Johnson. In 1978 the big two story James H. Cawthon building was torn down and the modern Funeral Home we have today was erected. About ten years ago, Mr. Johnson purchased the home next to the Funeral Home and moved there from Danville. Although he is now 87 years old, he is still working. 

 WORLD WAR I

By April 1917, World War 1 had started. As in all wars, patriotism was running high. Oral Longstreth joined the army. Pudge Wilson climbed to the top of the elevator and erected two American Flags, one at each gable. A Red Cross Chapter was formed with 113 members. Officers sworn in were C. C. Andrews, President; Z.S. Sailor Secretary and W. D. Rogers, Treasurer. Dr. W. T. Wilson tried to join the army but was rejected because of flat feet. In August the draft was started. The first to go were Alfred Meade, Elmer Carpenter, Wilbur Thompson, Edgar Cassell and Leo Moore, F. M. Harris, a Civil War Veteran and sill running his shoe shop at an advanced age, did his part by raising a large garden. C. C. Andrews was appointed Township Food Director by Herbert Hoover, the National Food Director. A patriotic duty with lots of work and no salary. 

NEW VILLAGE OFFICERS

In April of 1917 the following officers were elected. Mayor-E.N. Longstreth; Trustees-Oscar Miller, G. B. Snider and R.W. Crawford. Marshall-P. A. Downing, Police Magistrate-Ira Peters. 

One of the mayor’s first acts was to roll up his sleeves and along with Perry Wilson of the local elevator help the farmers shock oats and put up hay to help preserve the nations crops. It was said that he put many a younger man to shame. 

E.N. Longstreth, Agent

Oakwood, ILLS

(I think this letter was from the flu of 1918)

Dear children,

as I sent you a letter and box of fruit today will try and start another letter so as to keep you posted, there is a gang in here talking about horse trading, don’t know how they will make it but think they will trade alright, I paid 28 cents for a 1/2 doz eggs yesterday that beats your price down there dont it, then the eggs we get are better than Texas eggs, was at Robert Boords funeral this afternoon, Oct. 30 he was not sick long enough to get poor as it killed him in about four days after he took it, they held the funeral in the yard, the relatives were in the house and Hamand stood in the door and talked, there was a large crowd in the yard and street, they pushed the casket out on the porch so the crowd could view the remains, you see he was a rugged fellow and they are the ones that seem to pass out with the Fie, Elsie white you will remember her as she was John Whites girl, she died today, her husband died monday her Baby died sunday night and her husbands brother died saturday, four of them in five days, her fatherinlaw is about dead with pneumonia, elsie’s three children have it and may all die, I cant see why it is so much worse a few miles out from Oakwood each way and so many of them die and none have died in Oakwood when we have had some two hundred cases in our village. we think we have been well favored, thursday morning and the sun is shining but not as warm as it might be, will try and and have as good dinner as I am entitled to, the flu patients in town are getting better and we hope they will continue to get better that we may not have any deaths in our little Village to mar the happiness of our citizens. Aunt Rena Anna and Aunt Katie all say they have medicine enough and are all getting along fine, they say they hope you do not, get the flu and want you to enjoy good health as it leaves Me, I am Yours Lovingly, always the same,

Dad

E.N. Longstreth

Phone 52

0AKWOOD, ILLINOIS

JANUARY 21, 1919.

Dear Oral,

Your letters are reaching us most every day, and you dont know how much we appreciate them. Bill Westforth got his head nearly knocked off yesterday, he was sawing some bank timber, had just run it through when he reversed the carriage before the offbearer got the tie off, and when it returned to the saw it caught it and threw it and it went about forty feet after it had hit Bill knocking his nose off and both eyes out of his head, they reported he could not live until he reached the hospital, but he is still alive this morning, that would be some feat for the Doctors to fix those eyes so he can see, and him still live. Esther came over this morning when I was washing my teeth and gave me an item for the paper, I told her to go in and pull Leah out of bed, she darted in and says Hehe and Leah had just got up and was about dressed, Leah is looking good and as fat as a pig, Mrs. Abe Richter just brought in a pair shoes that are about all in and dont know if they can be fixed or not, am sending you the Commercial News, that has the account of Captain Reddens death or Col, Redden as he is known now, was grieved to hear of his death as we were friends from our first acquaintance. Lum Trimble are talking over the events of the day, The Press reporter just came in and have to give her all the items have at hand which she appreciates very much, just gave Jas Bowen a box of excelcior; that had some stuff shipped in yesterday, he is going to move away, well get shut of the reporter and will try and finish this letter, the fords are running around thicker than sparrows this morning, we are having the nicest winter weather we could have a Texas winter cant beat it any place. Hoping this finds you as well as it leaves us We are

Lovingly,

Dad and Leah

OAKWOOD, ILLINOIS

JANUARY 21, 1919.

,

ILLINOIS

AN INTERPRISING town of 650 inhabitants situated in Eastern Illinois on the big Four Railroad and the Illinois Traction System between Danville and Champaign. The town is located in the best agricultural section of the Central stated in the best agricultural section of the Central States. A four year township high school, good churches and a live bunch of Business Men are to be found here. Come and LOCATE IN

OAKWOOD, ILLINOIS.

WE ARE BOOSTING FOR

OAKWOOD, ILLINOIS

SNYDER DRUG CO.

DRUGS AND CONFECTIONERY

J. N. REDMAN

FUNERAL DIRECTOR

THOMAS SAILOR

GROCERY AND RESTAURANT

B. B. MINOR

FARM IMPLEMENTS AND GRAIN

W. D. ROGER

MEATS AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE

z. S. SAYLOR

GENERAL MERCHANDISE

W. F. SNYDER, M. D.

PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON

J. C. CAWTHON

GARAGE AND AUTO ACCESSORIES

MASON & TRENT BROS.

LUMBER AND HARDWARE

E. N. LONGSTRETH

INSURANCE AND HARNESS

GARAGE AND AUTO ACCESSORIES

TWO BASEBALL TEAMS

All was not work, in the summer of 1917. Oakwood had two baseball teams that year, The “flunks” were the mens team and the “Wide-Awakes” was a newly formed team of young boys They met on June 20 and the boys won 23 to 11. Their members were: 

Wide AwakesCharles Nichols                 PElsworth Nichols               CFrank Jacobs                   1BLoyal Jones                      2BWillie Saults                      3BJohn Saults                       SSRay Davidson                   RFHershel McPherson          CFJohn Pinegar                    LF
HunksBud SnyderRussell SwisherJohn RunyonBuster NicholsCharles HillmanThurman SladeHarry WilliamsHarry PeakCharles O’Toole

MOTORCADE TO CHANUTE

In October of 19171 George Peak and family, James Van Allen and family, Uncle John Van Allen, Mr. & Mrs. Z. S. Saylor, Mrs. Margaret Barkman, C. F. Steiner and family, and Mr. & Mrs. Tom Saylor motored to the new airbase at Rantoul and watched the birdmen fly. They saw several machines in the air at the same time and much enjoyed their trip.

MAYOR CRACKS DOWN

Mayor Longstreth vowed to enforce the village ordinance against those that were using the large storm sewer that ran through town, for sanitary reasons. (Somebody must have had indoor plumbing?)
The mayor also warned those who were driving in town with their cut-out or muffler open and especially those two who were racing on Scott Street Saturday night. And woe be it to the person who has been using the Mayor’s pond for dumping trash.

NEW ROADS

During the summer of 1917 a new hard road was put in north out of Oakwood. The Big Four was given permission to lay tracks up Oakwood Street to furnish supplies to the road builders. The Oakwood Cemetery Association to gravel or cinder their lane through the cemetery.

REUNION

The Oakwood Family Reunion was announced for September 16, at the old Indian campground. It was hoped that the Honorable Jacob H. Oakwood would be able to attend. At age 89, he was the last of the original Oakwood family. He had served two terms in the Illinois State Legislature. He was presently living with his daughter, Mrs. Anna 0. Hess at Martinsville, Indiana. He did not make it. He died at the age of 90.

1920

The 1920 census showed 506 people in the Village of Oakwood. A few of the prominent citizens were; J. Smith Mason-hardware & lumber store, Fred Oakwood-manager of the elevator, Charles C. Andrews-bank cashier, Alma Alvelson-telephone operator, George Snider-township assessor, Frank Stiner-restaurant, Zarah Saylor-retail store, Clifford Brothers-town clerk, Newton Longstreth insurance agency, Thomas Hailes-salesman for Standard Oil, William White-fireman on the railroad and James Carpenter-well driller. E.N. Longstreth retired after several terms as mayor. New officers elected were; J. Smith Mason-Mayor, Joe Cassel-Clerk, S. McPherson, Elmer Roth, J.W. France and C.W. Tevebaugh Trustees.

Their first action was to have Olmstead Street, Finley Avenue and Scott Street graveled. Oakwood now had a “Chemical Engine” to fight fires. On a run to C.W. Truax’s home they ran down a local boy, Paul Davidson. He was bruised but had no broken bones. He was probably not so inquisitive the next time the fire engine ran.


   


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